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Summary Proojects in all, today's bicycle helmets are inexpensive insurance against the tragedy of serious head injury. They are lightweight, inexpensive, come in a wide variety of colors and designs, and provide good ventilation. Wearing a bicycle helmet makes good sense. Check out this page on the disk if bike helmets for school projects need a simple explanation of how a helmet works.
Organizing a local bicycle helmet campaign To promote bicycle helmet use, you need a plan. You bike helmets for school projects decide who to reach and how to do it. The following sections take you step-by-stop through this process. Along the way you will make important decisions shaping your campaign and fitting it to your community's needs and resources.
The overview below gives you a bike helmets for school projects outline for designing scohol campaign. Look it over and then browse through some of the ideas on the following pages. Overview This section is organized into the following topics.
Select a target age group. Which age groups ride the most? Which age group is most at risk? Who wears helmets now? Who bike helmets for school projects be the campaign target? Set your project goals and objectives.
Build campaign momentum. Raise awareness of bike injuries and head bike helmets that cracked. Increase helmet purchases through greater availability. Increase helmet use. Reduce the number and lessen the severity of head injuries. Using a steering committee. Build a coalition, hold successful meetings and involve your committee members.
Fot are few hard-and-fast rules on just how to do bicycle helmet promotion. Some people, for example, print discount coupons and distribute them in the schools, while others bike helmets for school projects more on television and radio to spread the word.
Some get local groups to donate money for helmets, while others go straight to the manufacturers for special discounts. Some put together coalitions of health-related groups, while others work alone or with one or two helpers. Some work only with the PTA. Some police departments have good success with bicycle rodeos. At least one local campaign involves organized religious groups. Whichever approach you take, keep in mind that a good campaign uses a flr of means to its end.
A campaign that relies bike bmx helmets on coupons or TV or school presentations will not have as much impact as a campaign that combines these elements.
As your campaign gains momentum, you'll find many opportunities to get your message across. Take advantage of these opportunities as they arise. Keep in mind, too, that changing people's attitudes on safety takes time. You may not achieve your goals in the first few months. But if you keep at it, you'll find success.
Select a target age group One of your first decisions will be to choose a target group. Ask yourself just who you want to reach. This is an important decision because it affects many future choices including how best to reach that audience. How do you decide? Ask yourself the following questions: In some communities, there is a large adult cycling bike helmets for school projects.
In others, elementary school kids are the only ones who ride. In still other areas kids are not allowed to ride much due to traffic and security concerns. Your bicycle shops, police or recreation departments may have some ideas. You may be able to find local bike use survey data. This is particularly true if the dirt bike helmets girls department has gotten Federal Land and Water Conservation Fund grants from the State; recreational surveys are required.
If you don't have a survey, why not do one? Recruit a high school or college class to do it for you. See the appendix for a sample survey. If you can't afford the time or effort a survey requires, start off by guessing what your biggest group will be.
Your own observations around town, bike helmets for school projects with those of other safety advocates, should give you a good start. Later, do the survey. Emergency room doctors and nurses can help with this question. They see who comes in with bicycle-related injuries. Use the general categories listed below. As a start, statewide year olds are the age group most bike helmets for school projects risk, according to a report from the University of North Bike helmets for school projects.
Studies consistently show that males are more at risk than females.
Before you set goals on increasing helmet use, you need to know how many people and of white bike helmets age wear them now. You can get this information through a phone survey or by counting bicyclists at several places around town. Pitt County, for example, conducted a telephone survey during the early stages of their project to bike helmets for school projects how many kids wore helmets.
North Carolina did a state-wide survey in and found only 17 per cent of their riders using helmets. Bike counts can be very useful for several purposes and are a good use of volunteer time.
Pick count locations where you can see a good assortment of bicyclists. A major bike route that passes near a school and a park but also serves adult commuters cheap dirt bike helmets ebay be a good location.
Count bikes from 7 AM to 7 PM on a weekday and the same period on a weekend. These records will be invaluable when it comes time for project evaluation, a key component of your helmet campaign. Here is an evaluation program designed in New York State so you don't have to reinvent that wheel. Bike helmets history you have some ideas of who rides, who is most at risk, and who wears helmets, you can decide which group is going to be the first target for the campaign.
Keep in scgool that the target group may be best reached indirectly. For example, young kids may be best influenced through their parents or teachers.
Helets there is a tendency to focus on age groups, there are other populations that are worthy of your consideration as our communities have become more diverse. Many urban helmet promoters have observed that bike helmets for school projects use is high in the affluent suburbs helmes low in the inner city, cutting across all childrens 4 wheeler helmets groups.
Recent immigrants from countries where bicycle helmets are a novelty may be another target group in your area. Reaching such groups may require yelmets your program in a radically different way. At a minimum, you would probably want some Spanish language materials in many areas.
It may also be desirable to work through ethnic groups or organized religious groups to reach particular projcts populations. If you can pull at least one of these people into your campaign hlemets bike helmets for school projects can provide more ideas for the specific group that bike helmets for school projects never occur to you.
Forr bike helmets for school projects from members of your target audience in choosing among possible messages. Pick five to ten candidate messages and show them to a number of people in the age group you want to reach.
Ask them to tell you which make the most sense, which are confusing, which are convincing and which are weak. While you are at it, dig for info on where the messages bikw be most effective, and what kinds of promotion events your target age group might participate in. Going through these helmsts may take some time. They require information, something you may not have at schokl start. But they will give bike helmets for school projects a sense of direction and provide information you can use in news releases and campaign literature.
You may change primary target audiences as your campaign progresses from year to year. And, while it's important to focus on a specific age group, try to produce some information for all ages. It's best not to give people the impression that only little kids, for example, need bicycle helmets. Some tips on target age groups Helmet campaigns from the U. Most campaigns have been directed at either kids or their parents.
Direct your messages mainly at parents and focus particularly on the importance of helmets for youngsters being carried in child carriers; these children are particularly vulnerable. Also discuss how adults should wear helmets themselves in order to be good role bike helmets for school projects for the kids. E1ementary school: Again, direct messages mostly at parents. Focus on the importance of helmets for helmete riding around the neighborhood. Emphasize that falls can cause serious head injuries and also mention that parents should be good role models.
Some straight-forward messages directed at youngsters should help as well, particularly when delivered in school classes or assemblies. Junior high school: One of the toughest potential audiences. Parental influence is less powerful and peer pressure, fashion, and one's personal image are more important than for younger students.
Be careful of messages that adults think he,mets be cool. Kids need straight talk from people who really know their stuff. Emergency Room doctors and expert cyclists--especially high-school aged cyclists--would be good. High school: Another tough audience. Peer influence is more powerful yet.
Again, they need straight bike helmets for school projects from experts, preferably young ones. If helmet use becomes common only among the very young, expect older kids to balk at wearing them. Some laws require riders under 15 to wear helmets. Cat bike helmet you turn 15 do you want to look 14?
Most campaigners have found it difficult to reach college-age adults. However, they are an important age group to consider, due to their influence over teen-age cyclists. General community campaigns such as the Madison, Wisconsin, project mentioned in the appendix may work and tend to focus on being a "well-dressed" cyclist--with a helmet.
However, direct college student involvement should be better. Among collegiate club cyclists, requiring helmets on rides is a bike helmets for school projects approach. Serious safety messages may also work e.
The Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute has found that since virtually all college students have access to the Internet, putting up a page on the Web bike helmets for school projects an effective strategy for reaching them. If bike helmets for school projects page has enough factual content to provide easily accessible material for class papers, projects and speech class exercises, students will use it for research. Often this process puts the fox womens helmets before other students as papers are discussed or practice speeches are given in class.
And if you educate a young person, they will be around a long time. So working with students of any age can be rewarding. Middle age: This age group should be most likely to respond to logical arguments about the seriousness helmet head injuries.
Virtually the same arguments that can be made for life insurance and seat belts should work for this group. They are generally still swayed prpjects by fashion than by logic, but for them, fashion may include embracing a safety campaign that demonstrates their rationality and concern 2003 giro mountain bike helmets their own or their kids' welfare.
Many parents now helmet their kids, but not themselves. They should be easy targets! One PSA tried in the boating field shows a little boy wearing a life vest walking along a beach, while the voice-over talks about how the little boy is going out in the family boat with his parents. The boat is going to turn over.
The happy thing is that the little boy bike helmets for school projects on a life vest, so he's going to be just fine There are more PSA's on this disk. Very little has been done with this age group. They have specialized publications and organizations who are generally eager for material that is seniors-oriented. All parts of the body age, generally getting more brittle and less flexible.
So there may be special bike helmets for school projects for seniors' helmets, a subject that is just beginning to be explored by researchers, and on which we bike helmets san diego no hard data.
If the research indeed shows that seniors' brains age along with everything else, they may need helmets with less dense foam to accommodate a tendency to be injured at lower force levels than youngsters. The Consumer Reports article in did rate "softest landing" helmets, but the ones in and did not. For seniors, look for a helmet designed to protect against "mild" concussions, not just severe brain injuries. There are none on the market today that we are aware of.
Bike helmets for school projects your project goals and objectives Once you know who your main target sschool is, fof approximately how many of them wear helmets, set some project goals and objectives. Your overall goal can be somewhat general, stating your cjeap bike helmets main purpose.
It could be, for example: To improve bicycle safety in the community. However, your objectives should be very specific. The best objectives are measurable; you need to know when you have reached your target. For example, if 2 percent of all cyclists in your target group wear bike helmets, one of your objectives might be to increase that number to 10 percent in one year. By making sure that your objectives are measurable, you can avoid one of the pitfalls of safety campaigns: Often, the people who run such campaigns must fall back on bike helmets for school projects old cliche that, "if it saves one life, it's worth it.
It's also bike helmets for school projects to set realistic objectives. A grandiose target may sound good until you fall far short. Then, it will hurt your future efforts to gather support. Safe Kids USA offered these general objective categories for bike helmets for school projects helmet campaigns. The rei try on bike helmets and specifics are ours.
One local study showed that bicyclists were not against helmets This may be true in your community, too. When you begin your campaign, expect to meet lack of awareness and apathy. But if you start with a dedicated core projecrs, you can bike helmets for school projects a campaign that can change things over time.
Here's a possible objective regarding campaign momentum: In one year, we will have a core group of ten key volunteers and the cooperation and backing of the local PTA, the medical groups, the police, the media, and fo youth groups.
One reason few people think about helmets is ladies fashion bike helmets few know the facts about head and brain injuries. As they learn how vulnerable they and their kids may be, bicycle helmet use will begin to make more sense. Here's a possible objective regarding awareness of head injuries: In one year, a survey will show that 30 percent of the local residents know the basic facts about bike head trauma associated with bicycle crashes.
If few people want helmets, few will buy bike helmets junior. And bike sellers will not push items they can't sell. As you increase awareness, work to ;rojects sure helmets are available through bike shops and mass merchandisers.
Here's a possible objective regarding helmet purchases: In one year, local merchandisers will report a 50 percent increase in helmet sales. The purpose of all the effort is to increase helmet use, not just awareness or sales.
If people buy helmets but leave them at home, that's not solving the problem. Hemlets, it's important to measure use. Here's a possible objective regarding increased helmet use: In one year, bicycle helmet use among our target audience will increase by 50 percent, as measured in on-road bike counts.
Improve helmet fit. One of today's most serious helmet problems is that riders--kids in particular--are using helmets that have not been adjusted to fit them. If the helmet is skewed when you heelmets, there may be zero helmet between you and the pavement.
That's not a pleasant thought. And the Harborview bike helmets for school projects shows that there is a significant problem with bike helmets for school projects to helmeted riders that the authors attributed to improper fit. A vike objective: In one year field observations will show that more than 50 per cent of riders have projfcts that fit well. Reduce the number of bike injuries, especially head injuries and lessen the severity of head injuries.
While this is the real bottom line, it will be difficult to measure, especially in the early years of your project.
But take heart! In the State of Victoria, Australia, as the helmet campaign grew, serious head injuries at hospitals fell by 30 percent. It may bike helmets for school projects possible for your local hospitals to become involved and to report their head injury statistics.
Here's a possible objective regarding bike injuries: In five years, emergency room admissions for bicycling head injuries will decrease bike helmet best 30 percent.
Having clear goals bike helmets for school projects objectives will also help when you look for support. Donors are more likely to back your cause if you can demonstrate that you know both where you are going and how to get there. Sample goal statements from North Carolina helmet campaigns Here are goals and objectives from two campaigns submitted for funding to the North Carolina Division of Maternal bicyle helmets Child Health, Office for Prevention.
Look them over and decide which objectives are most easily measurable, which are least measurable, and which would be useful in your campaign.
Program 1: To have fewer bicycle-related head injuries Objectives: By the end of the project, to increase by 30 percent parents' knowledge about bicycle-related injuries, bicycle safety, and helmet use; 2.
By the end of hdlmets project to increase by schoo percent the number of children, agesusing helmets; 3. By the end of the project, to increase by 30 percent the availability of bicycle helmets; and 4. To display helmets and bicycle safety materials at a minimum of five community sites.
Program bike helmets for school projects To promote the use of bicycle and skateboard helmets. To make parents and the general public aware of the need for bicycle and skateboard helmet use. To involve other agencies and civic organizations in an effort to assure the continuation of this project.
To significantly increase the use of bicycle and skateboard helmets especially for children age bills helmets To make effective low-cost bike helmets for school projects available through the provision of discount coupons. Using a steering committee Building a coalition A successful large campaign requires the cooperation of many people.
By forming a bicycle helmet campaign committee of five to ten members, you can assemble a core group to solicit donations, promote the project, find volunteers, and solve problems. An effective helmetw will work to assure a future for your campaign. Select potential members carefully. In an important 2000s dirt bike helmets, your committee should be a coalition of people bike helmets for school projects with safety and you should recruit from a variety of sources.
Keep your committee to a workable size; five to ten members is a good range. Having too many members can slow progress to a crawl. But having too few members will result in volunteer burnout, a situation in which your core group dissolves from overwork. Holding successful meetings Set your meeting dates well in projscts, and plan on follow-up emails or phone calls to remind members of meeting times and locations.
Work to make it easy and enjoyable for them to attend; and make sure they know their efforts are appreciated. With a committee of busy people, you may find it difficult to get everyone together at one time. Why not try regular breakfast meetings at a local cafe? Bike helmets for school projects your meetings brief and to the point. Always work from a well-developed agenda, emailed bike helmets the off ramp advance.
Involving committee members Email a brief progress report to members regularly. This will help them keep on top of things and feel a part of the project. It will also help keep your meetings short, since committee members will already have received the materials.
If a committee member has no email, just print out the email message and mail it on paper! Key Committee Members Publicity: The person in bike helmets for school projects of publicity should have a good feel for dealing with the press. If possible, pick someone who has a track record including news clippings. Schook will put out all news releases and schedule appearances on TV and canadian tire bike helmets shows.
Sponsorships and donations: Securing money, goods, and services fkr a special talent and the willingness to ask. Having key contacts in the community is important as well. Remember that in-kind donations such as printing services, design work, and helmets for prizes can be as valuable as money.
Your volunteer coordinator must be able to make the work look attractive and valuable to potential volunteers and should have contacts in service organizations and bike helmets for school projects groups. Further, they must know how to treat volunteers once they are recruited. A good coordinator can help keep volunteers active for years by giving them well-defined tasks and making sure they bike helmets for school projects appreciated.
Once your project helmmets getting publicity, you will get requests for presentations. But don't wait for the requests to come--solicit invitations to speak to various groups! You need someone who can prepare a presentation, speak in front of a group, and find other speakers.
They must prepare scripts or Powerpoint presentations for use by others. Getting materials produced takes a basic knowledge of computer graphics and word processing.
While your materials need not be fancy unless you plan a large printing budgetthey should look good and make sense. Some materials can be purchased outright, or campaigns and organizations such as the Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute are willing to let you reprint their materials free for any non-profit use see listings below.
Most campaigns use copying donated on office photocopy machines. We have some info on this disk if you need materials in Spanish. To make your progress report an easier task, use a Bike helmets for school projects database to produce labels or envelopes. Then you can prepare a one-page newsletter, make copies or print them, fold, staple, and label them, and get them into the mail in less than half an hour.
Don't underestimate the value of a regular update bike helmets for school projects. Half an hour of keyboarding every two weeks can pay off handsomely in increased participation and enthusiasm by your committee.
Delegation of tasks is another key to an interested committee and a successful campaign. Make specific assignments with realistic completion dates. Your committee serves you best boys youth bike helmet each member can take on an important and well-defined task, such as one of the duties outlined above.
See Localities Requiring Bicycle Helmets. Riding on the Road - When riding on a roadway, a cyclist has all the rights and responsibilities of a vehicle driver Bike helmets for school projects Cyclists who violate traffic laws may be ticketed RCW Roads Closed to Bicycles - Some designated sections of the state's limited access highway system may be closed to bicycles for safety reasons.
In addition, local governments may adopt ordinances banning cycling on specific roads or on sidewalks within business districts. The NBER report comes on the heels of a thoughtful analysis by Elisabeth Rosenthal in the New York Times last fall, in which she discussed how European health experts justify cultures that use bicycle helmets much less than the United States:.
Manfred Neun, president of giro bike helmets on sale European Cyclists Federation bike helmets for school projects outspoken helmet law bike helmets for school projects, made a similar point in The West Australian newspaper last spring, arguing that dedicated bike lanes and reducing car speeds in urban areas would do more to protect cyclists than helmets.
In an ideal world, everyone wears a helmet, and it doesn't make them any less inclined to bike. It doesn't mess up their womens bike helmets purple before a date, and cost them their one shot at true love. They bike unaffected, to their sustainable bike light walmart food markets to buy fresh fish, nuts, and wine ; before biking home to their loving families.
There are wide, accessible bike lanes on every road, and a gentle breeze is ceaselessly at everyone's backs. But it's not an ideal worldand we should take every chance to question practices and adapt to the ways people really work.
To not immediately disparage the un-helmeted, but to see from their un-helmeted perspectives. Chatterji and Markowitz concluded that "the net effect of [bike helmet] laws bike helmets for school projects health outcomes is actually not straightforward.
We want to hear what you think about this article. Submit a letter to the editor or write to letters theatlantic. Walker said he believed this flr likely to be connected to bike helmets for school projects being relatively rare in the UK, and drivers thus forming preconceived ideas about cyclists based on what they wore.
In bike helmets for school projects parallel experiment Walker also spent some time wintwe mountain bike helmets about wearing a long brunette wig, to see whether drivers gave female cyclists more room than men, perhaps because they also unconsciously assumed women are less experienced cyclists.
The converse to all this is yet prohects study carried out by Walker, this time inwhich appeared to show that helmet use could potentially make cyclists themselves act in a more reckless fashion. His experiment saw participants of various ages and both genders asked to play a computer game in which they pressed a button to inflate a balloon on the screen.
Each inflation earned them more hypothetical money, but also increased the random chance of the balloon bursting, which would wipe out the winnings. At any point players could stop and bank what they had earned from each individual balloon.
Those projecte part were fitted with eye-tracking sensors and told this was the purpose of the experiment. However, the sensors were not plugged in — the real test was that half the participants had the eye tracker fitted to a baseball cap, the other half to a bike helmet.
Over dozens of games, those wearing the helmets consistently took greater risks on average when inflating the screen balloons. Yes, a helmet might make you safer if you get knocked off. However, it might also, even bicyclist magazine, increase the projecfs that this happens in the first place.
Bike helmets for school projects bike-share schemes have become increasingly common in hemets years, spreading to hundreds of places around the world. These have almost invariably proved hugely popular. Not, however, in Australia. If you ride bike helmets for school projects share bike in London or New York or Bike helmets for school projects or Hangzhou, you can bring a helmet if you want, or otherwise just leap on and pedal away.
Do the latter in Melbourne or Brisbane and you risk being stopped and fined by police, because of compulsory helmet-use laws in force since the early s. Both schemes have tried to get around this by placing complimentary helmets on the bikes — Melbourne leaves 1, new ones a month — or selling cheap helmets at nearby shops. This is one of the many accidental effects of helmet compulsion. Even in a youthful, vibrant and otherwise innovative city like Melbourne, a bike-share scheme is seattle helmet non-starter.
A small if significant opportunity for helmetd a human-friendly city — with all the public health benefits that go with it — is lost. Clover Moore, the mayor of Sydney, says she would also love to create a bike-share system there but feels unable to, given the long-standing projectts compulsion law.
This comes from the government of the surrounding state, New South Wales, over which she has no control. And tokyo citizen bike helmets very opposite is true. Australians love rules and regulations, or at least our governments do. At some point during a discussion on the subject, a proponent of helmet compulsion will usually say something along the lines of: If a bike helmet law saves just one life, then it will be worth it, surely?
News:Vimeo Staff Pick Badge. LIVE The Invisible Bicycle Helmet | Fredrik Gertten Anna and Terese took on a.
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